Saumur > Saumur-Champigny
AOP/AOC by decree dated 31st December 1957, amended 8th June 2011
Location: The name Champigny can be added to some of the Saumur appellation’s greatest red wines, made in the 8 communes closest to Saumur.
Vineyard Area: 1,500 hectares
History: Saumur was the Huguenot capital from the 12th century under Henry IV of France, and became a major centre for the wine trade. The name Champigny may well derive from the Latin campus igni (field of fire), named for the area’s exceptionally warm microclimate.
Soils: The vineyards are formed of smallish plots on Tuffeau (chalk) hillocks and Senonian and Eocene outcrops. The Saumur Champigny vines grow in an outstanding location on the upper Turonian plateau and on plateaux whose soils cover the tuffeau bedrock.
Climate: Temperate oceanic.
Average annual production over the last 5 years: 74,700 hl.
Yield: 57 hl/ha.
Varietals: Cabernet Franc (85% minimum), Cabernet Sauvignon and Pineau d’Aunis.
Growing Practices: Minimum planting density: 4,000 vines per hectare Pruning: Generally single guyot.
- Appearance: Bright garnet red.
- Nose: Elegant, supple and fruity with notes of red and black fruit and occasionally flowers (iris and violet).
- Palate: Light and well-structured with fine, velvety tannins and a fresh, balanced finish.
- Serve at 16-18°.
A good match for a wide range of meats and cheeses (red meat, grilled meats, roast, stuffed chicken and game) and a variety of fish.
Most can be drunk when young, but their complexity is better appreciated after several years aging (5-20 yrs.)